Four major oriental fruit fly infestations in California were eradicated between 1960 and 1997. The mature larva emerges from the fruit, drops to the ground, and forms a tan to dark brown puparium. Figure 2. University of California, Division of Agricultural Science 436 pp. Figure 12. Photograph by Scott Bauer, USDA. Figure 1. We found B. dorsalis to be distributed in 75 countries (comprised of 124 geographical distribution regions: provinces or states) in Asia, Africa, North … Damage associated with this pest is caused by larval feeding in the fruit pulp, which can result in losses of up to 100% if left uncontrolled. Pictorial Key to Fruit Fly Larvae of the Family Tephritidae. 2007): Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China (southern), Hong Kong, India (numerous states), Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Ogasawara Islands, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Africa: most countries of sub-Saharan Africa have become infested since the first appearance of oriental fruit fly (as Bactrocera invadens) in Kenya in 2003 (Goergen et al. Figure 13. The tropical fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) of the Australasian and Oceanian region. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7917.2001.tb00483.x. Figure 15. Heppner JB. ; Distribution 1953. Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs in fruit. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Adult female (center) and anterior spiracle of third instar larva (lower left). In heavily infested areas, the fly can destroy up to 100 percent of cherry and other host plants if left uncontrolled. 36 pp. Fruit flies will move in anywhere that there is an easy food source. Figure 7. 1963. All Japanese territories were declared free of the oriental fruit fly in 1985, after an 18-year program of eradication combining insecticide-impregnated fiberblocks or cotton containing the powerful male attractant methyl-eugenol, and the sterile insect (sterile male) technique. 1983. Given the life spans of a species of fruit fly have a bell-shaped distribution, with the mean of 33 days and the standard deviation of 4 days. Effect of ripeness and location of papaya fruits on the parasitization rates of Oriental fruit fly and melon fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) by braconid (Hymenoptera) parasitoids. Figure 10. In an investigation of fruit-fly behavior, a covered choice chamber is used to test whether the spatial distribution of flies is affected by the presence of a substance placed at one end of the chamber. 69 pp. Fullaway DT. The Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) is one of the world's most economically damaging pests. Environmental Entomology 20: 1732-1736. For export markets, B. tryoni is now deemed endemic to all eastern Australian states, except for the Greater Sunraysia Pest-Free Area. The trap experiments located in 12 counties of Yunnan indicated that, the geographical distribution of Oriental fruit fly there could be plotted as three distribution zones. Steck GJ. 1953. Adult: The adult, which is noticeably larger than a house fly, has a body length of about 8.0 mm; the wing is about 7.3 mm in length and is mostly hyaline. The extensive damage caused by the oriental fruit fly in areas similar to Florida indicates that this species could rapidly become a very serious pest of citrus and other fruit and vegetables if it became established in Florida. 1. Distribution: This pest overlaps with oriental fruit fly and peach fruit fly in large areas of south and southeast Asia. Reg. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. Foote RH, Blanc FL. Distribution: Queensland fruit fly is a native pest occurring throughout eastern Australia. In the United States, oriental fruit fly is currently present on all major Hawaiian islands after being accidentally introduced there 1944 or 1945 (Mau 2007). Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Hardy DE. When the fruit fly exclusion zone was withdrawn in Victoria and New South Wales in 2013, B. tryoni became endemic once again in this area and the national distribution of B. tryoni changed. Photograph by Okinawa Prefectural Fruit Fly Eradication Project Office. The European cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cerasi L.) is the most serious pest of cherries. Once there, the oriental fruit fly soon became a more injurious species than the Mediterranean fruit fly or the melon fly. It was introduced into the Hawaiian Islands about 1945, apparently by U.S. military troops returning to the islands. Ovipositor of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel). Armitage HM. Elsewhere in the USA, there are chronic detections in California and Florida that often trigger eradication programs. To the south of Guannan, Yuanjiang and Rulin is the annual distribution zone. 2015). Host range: Queensland fruit fly infests both indigenous and introduced fruits. In elevation, the Oriental fruit fly was trapped at altitude of 500–2300 m above sea level, in which high trap catches appeared between 500–1000 m. It is proposed that the variations of the fruit fly distribution in altitude and latitude are principally correlated with local temperatures and host plants. Drew RAI. Sanidad. Once they begin reproducing indoors, females are able to lay about 500 eggs and the eggs will hatch in as little as 24-30 hours after being deposited by the female. The economic importance of this fruit fly is increasing due to its invasion of new geographical areas. In Hawaii, larvae were found in more than 125 kinds of hosts. USDA-APHIS, in cooperation with threatened states, has established action plans that go into effect when fruit flies are trapped and reported (USDA 2008). Adult female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), laying eggs by inserting her ovipositor in a papaya. Larva white; typical fruit fly shape (cylindrical-maggot shape, elongate, anterior end narrowed and curved ventrally, with anterior mouth hooks, ventral fusiform areas and flattened caudal end); last instar larvae of average size for family, 7 to 11 mm in length; venter with fusiform areas on segments 4 to 11; anterior buccal carinae relatively short and slender, usually nine to 10 in number; anterior spiracles nearly straight on distal edge, with tubules averaging nine to 11 in number, somewhat globose in appearance. 1989. Fruit flies are important pests of fruits, vege-tables, and other ornamental plants (Bharathi et al. Figure 3. The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata(Wiedemann), is one of the world's most destructive fruit pests. Internac. In July 2010, fruit flies were discovered in traps in Sacramento and Placer counties. Mexican fruit fly is one of the world's most destructive invasive pests, attacking more than 40 different kinds of fruits and vegetables. 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