She has a shy approach when it comes to anyone else, she is often misunderstood as a helpless and gentle … . Lamb) (Greek philosopher C4th B.C.) And Iris, by Hera's command, put the winged shoe on her feet, and holding a rod like Hermes the messenger of Zeus, flew up to warn of what was coming. . These were holding assembly standing close at hand swift-running Iris spoke to them, and likened her voice to that of the son of Priamos (Priam), Polites . Iris was known as the goddess of the rainbow and another messenger for the gods in Greek mythology. Iris is the Messenger Goddess.daughter of the Titan Thaumas and Electra. [came] a messenger of the heavenly ones, Iris.". 350 ff (trans. [Iris repeats Zeus' message verbatim. Never does she unloose her girdle or her swift hunting-boots lest her mistress give her some sudden command. The Harpyai and Iris went their different ways . Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Aristophanes, Birds 574 (trans. . Hasten with stormshod foot to the home of gloomy Hypnos in the west. And the other kept watch over the far-flung islands, even Thaumantia [Iris daughter of Thaumas] seated on Mimas, whither she had sped. ].’ She was often described as the handmaiden and personal messenger of Hera. . "[Iris reports the birth of Apollon to Hera on Olympos :] A swift messenger [Iris] hastened to thee [Hera]. To Bakkhos (Bacchus) in corselet of bronze she spoke deceitful words : ‘Brother, son of Zeus Allwise, put war aside, and celebrate your rites with Lykourgos, a willing host . He with his own nodding visage nods assent to the goddess’ command; o'er-weighted with the caverns’ gloom Iris goes forth, and tricks out her beams, made dim by showers of rain. "[Athena sends Iris to Aiolos (Aeolus) to summon a storm to wreck the Greek fleet :] Iris sped unto Aiolos (Aeolus), from heaven far-flying over misty seas, to bid him send forth all his buffetting Anemoi (Winds) o'er iron-bound Kaphereus' (Caphareus') cliffs to sweep ceaselessly, and with ruin of madding blasts to upheave the sea. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 14. . . . Iris had no distinctive mythology of her own. "Iris storm-footed sprang away . Then goddess Iris returned flying at speed and hastened to deliver her welcome message to her queen.". ad Hom. 286 ff (trans. In legends, she carries symbolic associations with messages and communication. Eris is the Greek goddess of strife and discord. Iris, a shade of the color blue, is named after her. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C8th or C7th B.C.) : Callimachus, Hymn 4 to Delos 62 & 153 ff (trans. When these major ancient Greek deities needed to send messages to other gods or to human beings, they would sometimes ask Iris to transmit their words. . There they sat and threatened all the cities which Leto approached and prevented them from receiving her . . Pisthetairos : Won't you get out of here quickly? So saying, as ring-leader, Iris violently snatched up a dangerous firebrand, swung back with her right hand strongly, waved it aloft and then hurled it . ", Homer, Iliad 24. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. 266, 780; Apollod. 352 ff : "The winged Arcadian [Hermes] is the messenger of supreme Jove [Zeus]; Juno [Hera] hath power over the rain-bringing Thaumantian [Iris the rainbow]. I shall send more than six hundred porphyrions (water-hens) clothed in leopards' skins up to heaven against him; and formerly a single Porphyrion [the giant-king that attacked heaven] gave him enough to do. . Iris is shown with wings, a ( kerykeion ) herald's staff, and a pitcher of water. .’ 189 ff (trans. "Now to the Trojans came as messenger wind-footed Iris, in her speed, with the dark message from Zeus of the aigis. Iris is a major supporting character in the Goddess Girls (Series), and is the goddessgirl of rainbows.She has been sent by Principal Zeus to go down to the River Styx on high demand, so it is likely for her to get along with Zeus too. So Iris the swift-footed spoke and went away from them. . 10 (trans. She uses the rainbow to travel from the sky to the water. Iris entered, and the bright sudden radiance of her robe lit up the hallowed place . "Hersilie (Hersilia), his [Romulus the King of Rome's] consort, mourned his loss, and royal Juno [Hera] bade Iris descend her rainbow and exhort the widowed queen [to visit the grove of her apotheosed husband, the god Quirinus] . Iris was the daughter of Thaumas, a son of Pontos (the Sea), and Elektra, a daughter of Okeanos (Ocean). She is sibling to Arke, Aello, Celaeno, and Ocypete. Then she went to Hephaistos and easily persuaded him to rest. . He spoke, and storm-footed Iris swept away with the message and came to the house of Priamos . Iris was the goddess of the rainbow and a messenger for Zeus and Hera, and many believe that the flower is named after her. : Aristophanes, Birds 1196 ff (trans. Photokinesis: As the Goddess of the Rainbow, Iris has the divine authority and absolute control over rainbow. 286 ff (trans. 288, 432; Ov. . ", Statius, Silvae 5. . Aristophanes, Birds 574 (trans. Iris Facts and Figures. ", Homeric Hymn to Delian Apollo 102 ff (trans. Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) Most works of art depict her either in the form of a beautiful rainbow, or as a lovely maiden. ", Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 8. : Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 2. When swift Iris, fleet of foot as the wind, had heard all this, she set to run; and quickly finishing all the distance she came to the home of the gods, sheer Olympos, and forthwith called Eileithyia out from the hall to the door and spoke winged words to her, telling her all as the goddesses who dwell on Olympos had bidden her. keep motionless! : Iris Messenger of the Gods (General References). . It is beautiful enough, and its marvellous loveliness has given rise to the legend that Iris is the daughter of Thaumas (Wonder). [He relates his message about the ransom of the body of Hektor (Hector). . Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) . "Now Thaumas married a daughter of deep-running Okeanos (Oceanus), Elektra (Electra), and she bore him swift-footed Iris, the rainbow. ]’ I am a messenger of Zeus, who far away cares much for you and is pitiful. 189 ff (trans. So he spoke, and goldenwing Iris divine smiled to hear; then went her way, paddling in the false shape of a falcon . "Soaring to heaven on balanced wings, [Iris] blazed a rainbow trail beneath the clouds as she flew . 185 ff : Then deeply vexed the famed shaker of the earth spoke to her . . ", Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. In Ancient Greece, Iris was the Goddess of the Rainbow, and according to most ancient sources, Iris was the daughter of the river god Thaumas, and his partner, the Oceanid Electra.The parentage also meant that Iris had some famous sisters, for the three Harpies, Ocypete, Celaeno and Aello, were also born to the same parents. Mozley) (Roman poetry C1st A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 2. . Alcaeus, Fragment 327 (from Plutarch, Dialogue on Love) (trans. "[At the command of Zeus, Hera summons Iris to deliver Poseidon a message insisting he withdraw from the battlefield of Troy :] Hera called to come with her outside the house . Iris : What do you mean? "He [Jupiter-Zeus] moved by the goddesses' [Diana-Artemis and Latona-Leto's] tears and Phoebus' [Apollon's] high renown sends down swift Iris on her rosy cloud [to give Herakles permission to release Prometheus from his bonds]. . Philos. Iris, spreading her light pinions, swooped down from Olympos and cleft the air. . Iris was a goddess of sea and sky--her father Thaumas "the wondrous" was a marine-god, and her mother Elektra "the amber" a cloud-nymph. ", Hesiod, Theogony 780 ff (trans. 189 ff (trans. Then in turn Akhilleus of the swift feet answered her: ‘Divine Iris, what god sent you to me with a message?’ Then thus began to speak the golden fashioner of clouds : ‘Somnus [Hypnos], gentlest of the gods, Juno [Hera] bids thee bind fast the Sidonian [Theban] leaders and the folk of ruthless Cadmus, who now, puffed up by the issue of fight, are watching in ceaseless vigil the Achaean rampart, and refuse thy sway. 10 (trans. "Hermes is a god and has wings and flies, and so do many other gods. ", Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 2. In later poets she appears on the whole in the same capacity as in the Iliad, but she occurs gradually more and more exclusively in the service of Hera, both in the later Greek and Latin poets. 6 ff (trans. And Hera was grievously angered and spake to her : ‘So now, O shameful creatures of Zeus, may ye all wed in secret and bring forth in darkness.’", Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragment 42 (from Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius 2.297) (trans. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) Speaking so the goddess left in her heart sweet longing after her husband of time before, and her city and parents. : Hesiod, Catalogues of Women Fragment 42 (from Scholiast on Apollonius Rhodius 2.297) (trans. Theog. "The wife of Zephyros (West-Wind), Iris (Rainbow), the messenger of Zeus . that Paris has abducted Helene]. Iris : Seize me? Come, lift the thyrsus of battle in your hands, and earnheaven by your deeds. Iris had 4 more siblings called The Harpies, they were monsters with heads of old women and bodies of vultures. Quickly she reached the hill of Romulus with Thaumantea [Iris]. Like thereto Thaumantias (daughter of Thaumas) sat beside the throne. Hither from the blue sky came in balanced flight the varicoloured maid [Iris the rainbow]; the forests shine out, and the shady glens smile upon the goddess, and smitten with her zones of radiance the palace starts from its sleep; but he himself, awoken neither by the bright glow nor by the sound or voice of the goddess, lay motionless as ever, till the Thaumantian [Iris] shot at him all her splendours and sank deep into his drowsy vision. She further performs her services not only when commanded, but she sometimes advises and assists of her own accord (iii. The iron hammers ceased, the smoky bellows blew no more. Sibling #2 was Hydaspes, he was a river god. . Talking about Iris, she was a swift messenger goddess in Greek mythology and a famed subject for vase painting but she is better known as the goddess of rainbow. Just you listen and keep quiet! ", Virgil, Aeneid 5. fool! Laodike (Laodice) . Then in turn swift wind-footed Iris answered him : ‘Am I them to carry, o dark-haired earth encircler, this word, which is strong and steep, back to Zeus from you? "The goddess [Aphrodite] departed in pain [from the Trojan battlefield], hurt badly [by Diomedes], and Iris wind-footed took her by the hand and led her away from the battle, her lovely skin blood-darkened, wounded and suffering . .’ "Sokrates (Socrates) : He who said that Iris (Rainbow ) was the child of Thaumas (Wonder) made a good genealogy. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 26. Why, if you were treated according to your deserts, no Iris would ever have more justly suffered death. You don't answer. [Iris repeats the message verbatim] . . "He [the River Hydaspes] had the genuine Titan blood; for from the bed of primeval Thaumas his rosyarm consort Elektra (Electra) brought forth two children--from that bed came a River and a messenger of the heavenly ones, Iris quick as the wind and swiftly flowing Hydaspes, Iris travelling on foot and Hydaspes by water. : Rhod. ", Stasinus of Cyprus or Hegesias of Aegina, Cypria Fragment 1 (from Proclus, Chrestomanthia) (trans. ", Philostratus the Elder, Imagines 1. "She [Juno-Hera] determines to make the Aonians [Thebans during the War of the Seven], sunk in the timeless bliss of slumber, a prey to death, and bids her own Iris gird herself with her wonted circles, and commits to her all her task. .’ You shall be called beloved wife of the man who wins you.’ Pearse) (Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) : . . Iris' mother was Electra, an Oceanid. Pearse) (Greek mythographer C1st to C2nd A.D.) : Homeric Hymn 2 to Demeter 315 ff (trans. 80 ff (trans. Campbell, Vol. As a messenger, Iris was responsible for the well-being of mankind. Pisthetairos : You, gods? ", Virgil, Aeneid 9. Del. Mozley) (Roman epic C1st A.D.) : . Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 1. . 138 ff (trans. IRIS- was the Greek goddess of rainbows, but also served as messenger. IRIS was the goddess of the rainbow and the messenger of the Olympian gods. Way) (Greek epic C4th A.D.) : Ovid, Metamorphoses 14. . ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 47. They came to Ida . 655 ff (trans. to C1st A.D.) : [and so] the bright goddess leaves the pole and wings her way down her long arc to earth . Iris was a swift messenger goddess in Greek mythology and a popular subject for vase painting, but better known as the goddess of the rainbow because Hermes (Mercury) is known as the messenger god. But Akhilleus' prayer is that Boreas and blustering Zephyros may come to him, and he promises them splendid offerings, so that you may set ablaze the funeral pyre, whereon lies Patroklos (Patroclus), with all Akhaians (Achaeans) mourning about him.’ and at a point between Samos and Imbros of the high cliffs plunged in the dark water, and the sea crashed moaning about her. IRIS was the goddess of the rainbow and the messenger of the Olympian gods. xv. She restored calm and balance to the forces of nature after a storm. She carried messages from heaven to earth on the arc of the rainbow, and was a companion to female souls on the way to heaven. : Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1. ", Homer, Iliad 24. Rackham) (Roman rhetorician C1st B.C.) "Like to illumined cloud or to Thaumantias [Iris, the Rainbow] when she ungirds her robe and glides to meet glowing Phoebus [Helios, the Sun]. ", Plato, Cratylus 400d & 408c ff (trans. fool! She wore wings on her shoulders and usually carried a pitcher in one hand. Greek Lyric III) (Greek lyric C7th to 6th B.C.) Pisthetairos : You hear how she holds us in derision. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 31. Name: Iris Pronunciation: Coming soon Alternative names: Gender: Female Type: Goddess Celebration or Feast Day: Unknown at present. Halt, don't stir! He spoke, and Iris storm-footed sprang away with the message, and at a point between Samos and Imbros of the high cliffs plunged in the dark water, and the sea crashed moaning about her. . (The Machine takes Iris away.)". .’ She served as a messenger from Mount Olympus. Lattimore) (Greek epic C8th B.C.) Iris is the Ancient Greek Goddess of rainbows, also associated with the sea, the sky, colours, oaths and heraldry, she is a messenger to the Gods, later joined in this position by Hermes, more specifically, Iris is the handmaiden and personal messenger of Hera. 350 ff (trans. . 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The jealousy of trick-stitching Hera, describing a rainbow of many colours Thaumas and.. Slave before the forest queen. `` in art a permit, bearing the seal of the rainbow joined! Every one that she came near to Hypnos, weaving guile ; and in mother! Theocritus ( xvii gate did you present yourself to the winds for him sibling to Arke, Aello,,... Plain to fight by the city of the Birds ] l, wretched woman she.

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